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(485) Martyrdom 1622 [英借文]

サン・セバスチァン/殉教 (ヌオボ・クラッシコ・シリーズ)

サン・セバスチァン/殉教 (ヌオボ・クラッシコ・シリーズ)

  • 作者: Art Data
  • 出版社/メーカー: トレヴィル
  • 発売日: 1994/09
  • メディア: ペーパーバック

This painting depicts the great martyrdom in Nagasaki in 1622. Over 55 Christians were killed in this tragic event.

 Martyrs are not the whole of the truth of history, for sufficient consideration must also be given to the logic of their persecutors.

  The Tokugawa shogunate finally decided to ban Catholicism. The reasons are said in the statement on the "Expulsion of all missionaries from Japan"「伴天連追放之文(バテレン追放の文→バテレン追放令)」, issued in 1614 under the name of second shogun Hidetada (ruled 1605-1623). It was considered the first official statement of a comprehensive control of Kirishitan. It claimed that

1. the Christians were bringing disorder to Japanese society

2. and that their followers "contravene (to break a law or rule) governmental regulations,

There were also other reasons.The shogunate was concerned about a possible invasion by the Iberian colonial powers, which had previously occurred in the New World and the Philippines.

  But I am still terrified of the persecutors’ cruelness when I see this painting.

martyr全体.jpg
Pic. Martyrdom 1622

In this painting we see missionary priests tied to the stake, and put into a fire pit.

martyr火刑.jpg
Pic. fire pit

Depicted at the foreground of the painting are Japanese men beheading Japanese Christians.

martyr斬首.jpg
Pic. Beheading

The painting was painted by an eyewitness. It may have been made in Macau by an artist from the Jesuit Painting School in Japan.


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(484) word/ baboon [英単語]

Baboon [bæbúːn] 狒々
I saw this word, “baboon” in a children book which teaches English words beginning with the letter “b”.
Definition of baboon is large terrestrial monkeys having doglike muzzles.
ex. Hamadryas baboon
Papio_hamadryas_eating_an_apple.jpg

Next, I learned about the difference between apes and monkeys.
Ape: An animal of a class of primates generally larger than monkeys and distinguished from them by having no tail.
Monkey: Any of various long-tailed primates [prάɪmət霊長目の動物] (excluding the prosimians原猿).

Human
chimpanzees (genus Pan) non-human apes (great apes)
chinpanzee.jpg

gorillas (genus Gorilla)  non-human apes (great apes)
gorilla.jpg

orangutans (genus Pongo)  non-human apes (great apes)猩々(しょうじょう)
orangutan.jpg

gibbons [gíb(ə)n] (family Hylobatidae)  non-human apes (lesser apes)
Agilegibbon.jpg

Ape_skeletons.jpg                                                                   


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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(483) Joke / Cow [joke]

ANIMAL JOKE / Cow

cow.jpg
   
A city feller1) who didn’t know the front end of a goat from a magnolia2) bush was watching his week-end host’s daughter milking her cow when a farm hand3) hollered4), “Cheese it5), here comes the bull!”

   The city feller vaulted6) a fence for safety, but noted to his surprise that the girl never budged7) from her stool. Furthermore, the bull brought up8) abruptly, snorted almost apologetically and meekly retreated9) to his enclosure.

   “Weren't you petrified10) ? demanded11) the guest.
   “Not me,” said the daughter, “but I reckon12) the bull was. This here cow’s his mother-in-low.”

 

1) feller = fellow
2) magnolia [ægnóuliə] : モクレン
3) farm hand farmhand: 農場[農業]労働者
4) holler [hɑ́lər]: cry out
5) cheese it: やめる、よす、逃げる、ずらかる get away, run away
6) vault [vɔ́ːlt]: spring over especially with the help of the hands or a pole
7) budge [bʌ́dʒ]: move from a place
8) bring up: ぴたりと止まる
9) retreat [itríːt]: go back
10) petrify [pétrəfài]: make rigid or inactive (as from fear)
11) demand :ask for with authority
12) reckon: consider
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共通テーマ:お笑い

(482) Thought: Check and circle marks in test papers [調べる]

Thought: Check and circle marks in test papers.
How the world people mark the test papers of students.

There are several ways to mark correct and wrong answers in test papers in the world.

This picture shows how to mark answers in test papers in the world.

世界の正しい間違いS.jpg

In Japan  for correct answers, × for wrong ones.
In Philippines √ for correct answers, × for wrong ones.
In the USA √ for correct answers, × for wrong ones.
In China √ for correct answers, for wrong ones.
In Vietnam D for correct answers, S for wrong ones.

   I found this information in a Kanji teaching materials for Filipino students in Japan, about three years ago. I was very surprised to know that in China, marks for correct and wrong answers are totally opposite to Japan.

I’ve seen my elementary school student’s Kenyan father used √ mark for correct answers in his quiz sheet.?

   Next picture is from a question and answer site for anime and manga fans. The question is,

“While watching anime, especially ones that focus on slice-of-life or high school, I often come across a test paper containing a character’s score. However, it is interesting to note that correct answers are circled while the wrong ones are ticked. As far as I know, ticks are for correct answers and circles are incorrect answers. Does this mirror how Japan marks the test papers of students? If so why?”
sY3yZ.jpg

He is surprised to know that the Japanese way is the opposite from how teachers in most western culture to do it.

In Japan √ and is also used to mark for incorrect answers.
UyfAe.jpg
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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(481) Tall Tale: Zenbei the wild vegetable seller [英作文]

 579_2.jpg
  Some troubles occurred to my mother. She saw a cup in front of her as two cups. If she tried to reach the cup, she often failed to grab it. I took her to an optician. The optician found out that her eyes always directed outside for unknown reasons. But Mother instantly came to know the true reason for her trouble. Two weeks later, she got better and now her eyes have returned to their normal position. My mother and I went to the optician for the last time to give a feedback on her recovery as we thanked him. I explained that her trouble might have something to do with her eye training. She was training herself to see both sides’ view at the same time. She believed that the older we get the narrower the eyesight becomes. She was practicing it for anti-aging. But this time’s trouble made her stop the eye practice. Then the optician laughed and gave us a story about eyes.

 “Long time ago”, he started, “there lived a mountain vegetable seller named Zenbei at Uwajima in Ehime prefecture. He collected wild vegetables in the mountain and sold them in the village. He worked diligently from morning to night, even on rainy and stormy days. One day, ‘always-running Zenbei’ felt his left eyeball floating and bouncing in the socket of his skull. And finally the eyeball fell down on the ground. But he calmly picked it up and put it back to its eye socket. Then he continued working hard again as if nothing had happened.

  “On that day he had sold out all his stock of wild vegetables earlier than usual. He was very happy, so he decided to visit tutelary shrine of the village to express his thanks. Incidentally, on that day, there was a bullfight, (that is a bull fighting against a bull), that was being held at the ground of the shrine. A lot of people got together around the bull fight ring. He couldn’t see anything, so he removed his eyeball and held it up in his hand to see the bulls, still he couldn’t see them. Next, he took a Bangasa umbrella from his backpack and tied to a long wooden bar. Lastly, he placed his eyeball on the opened umbrella. When he held the bar high to see the bullfight, he could enjoy watching the bullwrestling at the back of the crowd of spectators. 

  “At that moment, one crow was on the way back to its nest in the mountain. It noticed the eyeball from the sky and dived at it and flew away with his eyeball. He instantly felt the emergency and tried to chase the crow but failed in vain.

He felt down and went home with his one eyeball. To his surprise he found the eyeball in front of his house. The crow had dropped it because of its slipperiness and bad taste.

  “Anyway he was overjoyed to have it and hurriedly put it back to his eye socket, but he put it inward out. He suddenly saw his internal organs clearly for the first time. From then on, he got interested in watching his inside. He learned the inside of human body and soon became a famous doctor and a rich man.”

  “Well, as a matter of fact, this vegetable seller is my great grandfather,” finished the optician.

*


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共通テーマ:お笑い

(480) joke, big-game hunter and a lion [joke]

A big-game hunter VS a huge lion

  An intrepid1) big-game hunter was on his way back to camp with a record day’s bag2) when a huge lion suddenly stalked3) out of the jungle not thirty paces4) away.

狩人.jpg

The hunter had only one bullet left in his gun.
   He waited until the lion was ready to spring, took careful aim,  and missed. The jig was up5), he figured, but then a miracle occurred. The lion sprang too far, and landed in a heap6), fifteen feet beyond the hunter, who made the stockade7) in safety.
zoo_a06.gif

 The next afternoon the hunter went into his back yard to practice a little shooting at close range. He heard the strange noise outside the fence, and peered over it to see what was afoot8).  It was the lion practicing short leaps!
--- 笑う英語 Bennett Cerf’s JOKES For All Occasions, 1981

1) intrepid [ɪntrépɪd]: Fearless; bold; brave.
2) a record[rékɚd] day’s bag:
    Record: 記録的な
    Bag: The quantity of game taken in a particular period (usually by one person).
3) stalk [stˈɔːk]: To walk slowly and cautiously; to walk in a stealthy, noiseless manner
4) pace: The distance covered by a step.
5) The jig[ʤɪ́g] was up. : the game was up.
6) in a heap: どたりと
7) afoot [əfˈʊt]: Currently in progress.
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(479) word: dromedary [英単語]

Dromedary

I saw this word in a children book , titled “words starting with letter D.”

 dromedary2.jpg

Dromedary [drάmədèri]: speedy one-humped camel

 dromedary1.jpg

 

Bactrian camel [bˈæktriən]

Two-humped camel of the cold deserts of central Asia.

camel.jpg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYXyCzpVOss

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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(478) a lump of sugar [英単語]

以下、すべてwebからの転記ですが、カフェでの話は特に、良いですね。
単語一つに、一つずつこんな話が聞けたら、作れたら、どんなに良いでしょうか


a lump of: 一個の


a lump of sugar.jpg


There was a girl in a café who was very fond of a dog who used to come there regularly with a man and she regularly gave him a lump of sugar, one day the man came in without the dog and said the dog was dead. The girl had the lump of sugar in her hand and when she heard the dog was dead tears came to her eyes and she ate the lump of sugar (Paris France, Liveright, 1970, p. 34).


 


氷砂糖の感じですね。
lump sugar.jpg


Chinese Lump Sugar is lumps of crystallized, refined sugar made from sugar cane.


It is opaque1) lumps of sugar, made in different sizes. The colour can be white or yellow; the yellow is referred to in English as Yellow Lump Sugar.


1) opaque: inpervious to light


http://www.cooksinfo.com/chinese-lump-sugar


 


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共通テーマ:グルメ・料理

(477) word: sulk, pout [英単語]

Word: sulk, pout

Sulk [sˈʌlk]: (Vi) to refuse to speak or smile because you want people to know that you are angry about something

The child sulked in a corner after being slapped.
sulk1.jpg

 

He's sulking in his room because I wouldn't let him have any more chocolate.
sulk2.jpg

Pout [pάʊt]: (Vi) to push your lips, or your bottom lip, forward to how that you are annoyed about sth or to look sexually attractive

 

Vanessa always pouts if she doesn't get what she wants.
pout1.jpg

Caroline pouts her lips when she's putting on lipstick.
pout2.jpg
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共通テーマ:育児

(476) 3 day trip to Hokkaido [英作文]

I visited Sapporo and Otaru with my wife from April 15th to 17th.


1st Day:
When we changed airplanes at Haneda airport, I made a mistake. I missed the transfer sign and I lost sight of my wife too. I got lost. I walked outside from the exit. Then I got a phone call from her. She was inside the airport and I was outside. I hurried to enter the airport again through security check. I got a phone call again from my wife. She didn’t have her ticket with her. Yes, I had her ticket with me. So she had to go out from the exit too. So this time, she was outside without her ticket and I was inside.


Finally we could meet again with the help of the airport person.  We wasted a lot of time for my mistake but we could make it to fly to Chitose.


This was our first trouble.


We arrived Chitise airport safely. Next, we got on the JR train to Sapporo. Then we arrived Sapporo around 1 pm.
1 welcome to hokkaido.jpg


We were hungry. We asked for a nearby Ramen shop at the tourist information center.


 DSC_2017.JPG


We entered Shirakaba Sanso shop. This shop was in Ramen-Kyowakoku republic on the 10th floor of Esta building besides JR tower.


According to the leaflet, The shop chef said “You can’t go home without eating here!” True Sapporo miso ramen.” So we ate miso ramen. The soup was thick and hot. The ramen’s bowl was bigger than normal one. My stomach became full.


“Where shall we go next?” While talking about next plan, we noticed we had forgotten to get ANA skyholiday wakuwaku tickets at Chitose airport. We could use the tickets at food shops and tourist facilities. “We are in Sapporo now?” “Must we go back to Chitose?” “It’s a waste of time and money.” This was the second trouble in our trip. Anyway I though I’d better call Chitose ANA tourist counter.  I got a good news from them. They said that we could get the tickets at Sapporo ANA hotel too.


So ANA hotel Sapporo was our next destination.


IMG_20170512_082516.jpg
The City of Sapporo was built to a grid pattern, and is the largest city on the island.


We got to ANA hotel very easily because of its grid system.


DSC_2022.JPG
Yotsuba-white-koji café. At paseo in JR tower.


We had to wait to enter this café more than 20 minutes. We used Wakuwaku tickets here.
The ideal environment to raise happy health, snow-covered Hidaka stress-free cows.


From the mountains to the north cod, crystal-clear waters wind their way down through to plain, enriching the fertile soils of their vast green landscape.


DSC_2032.JPG
We used another wakuwaku tickets to enter JR tower.


 


Next, we went to Sapporo Clock Tower.


DSC_2034.JPG
This house was built 1878. It was originally called “Embujo”  - meaning a ‘military drill hall.


In 1881 a large clock was installed to renovate the tower of this building. It was later called the clock tower.


It was served as a drill hall for the Sapporo Agricultural College, which was the first institution for Agricultural Studies in Japan.


The second floor was used for physical education training as well as a ceremony hall.


The former   Hokkaido Government  Office Building


DSC_2045.JPG
This old building was made of bricks. There were several chimneys on the roof.


2nd Day:
Lake Shikotsu and Lake Toya Round Trip
 Sapporo Station bus terminal
 Lake Shikotsu
 Hokkaido Kinoko oukoku Kingdom
 Lake toya Manseikaku Hotel (lunch)
 Mt. Usu and Showa Shinzan mountain
 Lake Toya Viewing Platform
 Nakayama Pass
 Teizankei Valley
2 map hokkaido (2).jpg


Lake Shikotsu Visitor Center


DSC_2066.JPG
A crystal miniature of lake Shikotsu.


Animal: Brown bear


 DSC_2068.JPG

View of Lake Toya from Mount Usu Ropeway.
Lake Toya and Showa-shinzan mountain.
DSC_2086.JPG


Japanese butterbur sprouts (Fukinotou)
DSC_2087.JPG
Male flower and female flower.Wikipedia says the bulb-like shoots are picked fresh and fried as tempura.
DSC_2089.JPG


We went to Mount Usu Summit station by the ropeway.
From the station we walked up to Crater Basin Viewing platform.


Mt. Usu Crater Basin Viewing Platform.
DSC_2094.JPG
We can see the summit of mount Usu. It is 733 m high.


We can see white vaper from the crater basin.
DSC_2092.JPG
The crater is called Ginnuma Crater, the largest crater created by the 1977 eruption. 


Mount Youtei looks like Mt. Fuji.
Nakajima island in Lake Toya.
DSC_2099.JPG


Showa-shinzan mountain.
DSC_2102.JPG
The field rose into the steaming mountain in a little more than two years after the 1943 eruption of Mount Usu. But now I cannot see any steaming from Showa-shinzan mountain.


 


蔓性の隠元豆>虎豆 tora-mame bean (tiger bean)
DSC_2111.JPG


隠元豆>斑紋種>貝豆 (Shell bean)
DSC_2112.JPG


Mount Youtei
DSC_2114.JPG


Nakayama Pass
DSC_2115.JPG
White birch trees


We returned to Sapporo.
At Daimaru Department store.
One of my favorite characters.
DSC_2122.JPG



3rd Day: Otaru
3 otaru.jpg
We bought seafood as suevenirs.


ホッケ      Okhotsk atka mackerel
イクラ       salmon roe
本シシャモ  Shishamo smelt


Otaru Historical Scenic Dstrict
DSC_2125.JPG
Otaru’s ordinance designates scenic areas arears of historical ad cultural importance that evoke Otaru’s unique character as the “Otaru Historical Scenic Distorict”.


Keep Out sign has Russian too.
DSC_2126.JPG
Signal lights’ design is different from what we see in Matsuyama.
DSC_2127.JPG
 


Otaru Canal from Asakusa bridge.
DSC_2129.JPG
Completed in 1923, the Otaru Canal served its original purpose until the decline of the shipping industry. In the 1980s,promenades and gas lamps were instlled.


Amato is a shop best known for sweets such as “Cream Zenzai”, renowned Otaru favorite, and “Maron Coron”, a crisp, three-layer homemade sable.

DSC_2130.JPG 


Museum of Finance (Former Otaru Branch of the Bank of Japan)
img022.jpg


The guardian of the building
The Shima owl is one of the guardian deities of the Ainu people.
Ainu is the indigenous people of Hokkaido. Carvings of owls are on the pillars of the building. These owls used to keep watching over the Otaru Branch at night.
DSC_2136.JPG


Sea of Japan from the window of JR train in Otaru.
DSC_2142.JPG


Soup Curry for breakfast at Hotel
DSC_2124.JPG

Jingisukan at Chitose airport.
Jingisukan is a Japanese grilled mutton dish.
DSC_2144.JPG


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