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(487) Lion and Baboon 2 [調べる]

Lion and Baboon 2

Question:

Why had the baboon fixed some plates, round glistening plates, on the back of his head?

IMG_20171026_135059 (2).jpg

Answer:

This was the Hottentot way of depicting the hindward image of the baboon.

 

Thoth

thoth ibis.jpg
Pic. Thoth ibis

Thoth (/ˈθoʊθ/ or /ˈtoʊt/; from Greek Θώθ thth; derived from Egyptian ḏḥw.ty) was one of the deities of the Egyptian pantheon. In art, he was often depicted as a man with the head of an ibis or a baboon, animals sacred to him.

thoth baboon.jpg
pic. Thoth baboon
 

He also appears as a dog-faced baboon or a man with the head of a baboon when he is A'an (Aan baboon), the god of equilibrium.

Lion and baboon

lion and baboon.jpg
Pic. Lion and baboon

The AAN baboon was the type of the moon in the hind-quarter of the heaven, and imaged the hiderward phase or face of the moon, and in one of these fables it is narrated how the baboon once worked bamboos, sitting on the edge of a precipice. Up came the lion to steal upon the baboon. But the baboon had fixed some plates, round glistening plates, on the back of his head. Seeing these dazzling plates the lion supposed they were the face and eyes of the animal. So that when the baboon turned round to look, the lion thought that the real face was the hindward part. This gave the baboon the advantage; he could watch the lion advance, and when the lion made his leap, the ape bent forward, and the lion went over both the baboon and precipice.

--------A Book of the Beginnings
XXIII Roots IN AFRICA BEYOND EGYPT

A Book of the Beginnings: Concerning an attempt to recover and reconstitute the lost origines of the myths and mysteries, types and symbols, religion and language, with Egypt f

A Book of the Beginnings: Concerning an attempt to recover and reconstitute the lost origines of the myths and mysteries, types and symbols, religion and language, with Egypt f

  • 作者: Gerald Massey
  • 出版社/メーカー: Black Classic Pr
  • 発売日: 1995/06
  • メディア: ペーパーバック

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(486) Lion and Baboon [読書感想]

Baboon is much smarter than Lion.

lion and baboon.jpg
(486) Lion and Baboon

BABOON, it is said, once worked bamboos1), sitting on the edge of a precipice2), and Lion stole upon3) him. Baboon, however, had fixed 4) some round, glistening5), eyelike plates on the back of his head. When, therefore, Lion crept upon6) him, he thought, when Baboon was looking at him, that he sat with his back towards him, and crept with all his might7) upon him. When, however, Baboon turned his back towards him, Lion thought that he was seen, and bid himself8). Thus, when Baboon looked at him, he crept upon him.1 When he was near him Baboon looked up, and Lion continued to creep upon him. Baboon said [aside], "Whilst I am looking at him he steals upon me, whilst9) my hollow eyes are on him."

When at last Lion sprung at him, he lay [quickly] down upon his face, and Lion jumped over him, falling down the precipice, and was dashed to pieces10).

Footnotes

1. Whilst Baboon did this, Lion came close upon him.

The text came from:

Honey, James A.

South-African Folk Tales - The Original Classic Edition

South-African Folk Tales - The Original Classic Edition

  • 作者: James A. Honey
  • 出版社/メーカー: tebbo
  • 発売日: 2012/03/26
  • メディア: ペーパーバック

. New York: Baker & Taylor Company, 1910.

http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/books/africa/honey/lionbaboon.html

=======================================================

(1) work [wˈɚːk]: Verb. Shape, form, or improve a material. "Work the metal"
(2) precipice [prés
əpɪs]: Noun. A very steep cliff.
(3) steal up on: to sneak up on someone or something. We will steal up on Tony and give him a scare. The fox stole up on the hen and grabbed it.
(4) fix [fíks]: Cause to be firmly attached.
(5) glistening [
ɡlɪ́sənɪŋ]: Adjective. Reflecting light. "Shining white enamel"
(6) creep up on [krí
ːp]: Verb. Advance stealthily or unnoticed. "Age creeps up on you"
(7) with all (one’s) might: Utilizing all of one's power and strength to do something. "I pulled at the rope with all my might, but we still lost the tug-of-war." "I swear, your dog pulls at these toys with all his might. He'll drag us through the yard one day! "
(8) bid oneself: ?
(9) whilst [(h)w
ὰɪlst]: while
(10) dash [d
ˈæʃ]: Verb. Break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over. "They dash the glass tubes"; "Smash a plate"
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(485) Martyrdom 1622 [英借文]

サン・セバスチァン/殉教 (ヌオボ・クラッシコ・シリーズ)

サン・セバスチァン/殉教 (ヌオボ・クラッシコ・シリーズ)

  • 作者: Art Data
  • 出版社/メーカー: トレヴィル
  • 発売日: 1994/09
  • メディア: ペーパーバック

This painting depicts the great martyrdom in Nagasaki in 1622. Over 55 Christians were killed in this tragic event.

 Martyrs are not the whole of the truth of history, for sufficient consideration must also be given to the logic of their persecutors.

  The Tokugawa shogunate finally decided to ban Catholicism. The reasons are said in the statement on the "Expulsion of all missionaries from Japan"「伴天連追放之文(バテレン追放の文→バテレン追放令)」, issued in 1614 under the name of second shogun Hidetada (ruled 1605-1623). It was considered the first official statement of a comprehensive control of Kirishitan. It claimed that

1. the Christians were bringing disorder to Japanese society

2. and that their followers "contravene (to break a law or rule) governmental regulations,

There were also other reasons.The shogunate was concerned about a possible invasion by the Iberian colonial powers, which had previously occurred in the New World and the Philippines.

  But I am still terrified of the persecutors’ cruelness when I see this painting.

martyr全体.jpg
Pic. Martyrdom 1622

In this painting we see missionary priests tied to the stake, and put into a fire pit.

martyr火刑.jpg
Pic. fire pit

Depicted at the foreground of the painting are Japanese men beheading Japanese Christians.

martyr斬首.jpg
Pic. Beheading

The painting was painted by an eyewitness. It may have been made in Macau by an artist from the Jesuit Painting School in Japan.


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(484) word/ baboon [英単語]

Baboon [bæbúːn] 狒々
I saw this word, “baboon” in a children book which teaches English words beginning with the letter “b”.
Definition of baboon is large terrestrial monkeys having doglike muzzles.
ex. Hamadryas baboon
Papio_hamadryas_eating_an_apple.jpg

Next, I learned about the difference between apes and monkeys.
Ape: An animal of a class of primates generally larger than monkeys and distinguished from them by having no tail.
Monkey: Any of various long-tailed primates [prάɪmət霊長目の動物] (excluding the prosimians原猿).

Human
chimpanzees (genus Pan) non-human apes (great apes)
chinpanzee.jpg

gorillas (genus Gorilla)  non-human apes (great apes)
gorilla.jpg

orangutans (genus Pongo)  non-human apes (great apes)猩々(しょうじょう)
orangutan.jpg

gibbons [gíb(ə)n] (family Hylobatidae)  non-human apes (lesser apes)
Agilegibbon.jpg

Ape_skeletons.jpg                                                                   


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(483) Joke / Cow [joke]

ANIMAL JOKE / Cow

cow.jpg
   
A city feller1) who didn’t know the front end of a goat from a magnolia2) bush was watching his week-end host’s daughter milking her cow when a farm hand3) hollered4), “Cheese it5), here comes the bull!”

   The city feller vaulted6) a fence for safety, but noted to his surprise that the girl never budged7) from her stool. Furthermore, the bull brought up8) abruptly, snorted almost apologetically and meekly retreated9) to his enclosure.

   “Weren't you petrified10) ? demanded11) the guest.
   “Not me,” said the daughter, “but I reckon12) the bull was. This here cow’s his mother-in-low.”

 

1) feller = fellow
2) magnolia [ægnóuliə] : モクレン
3) farm hand farmhand: 農場[農業]労働者
4) holler [hɑ́lər]: cry out
5) cheese it: やめる、よす、逃げる、ずらかる get away, run away
6) vault [vɔ́ːlt]: spring over especially with the help of the hands or a pole
7) budge [bʌ́dʒ]: move from a place
8) bring up: ぴたりと止まる
9) retreat [itríːt]: go back
10) petrify [pétrəfài]: make rigid or inactive (as from fear)
11) demand :ask for with authority
12) reckon: consider
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(482) Thought: Check and circle marks in test papers [調べる]

Thought: Check and circle marks in test papers.
How the world people mark the test papers of students.

There are several ways to mark correct and wrong answers in test papers in the world.

This picture shows how to mark answers in test papers in the world.

世界の正しい間違いS.jpg

In Japan  for correct answers, × for wrong ones.
In Philippines √ for correct answers, × for wrong ones.
In the USA √ for correct answers, × for wrong ones.
In China √ for correct answers, for wrong ones.
In Vietnam D for correct answers, S for wrong ones.

   I found this information in a Kanji teaching materials for Filipino students in Japan, about three years ago. I was very surprised to know that in China, marks for correct and wrong answers are totally opposite to Japan.

I’ve seen my elementary school student’s Kenyan father used √ mark for correct answers in his quiz sheet.?

   Next picture is from a question and answer site for anime and manga fans. The question is,

“While watching anime, especially ones that focus on slice-of-life or high school, I often come across a test paper containing a character’s score. However, it is interesting to note that correct answers are circled while the wrong ones are ticked. As far as I know, ticks are for correct answers and circles are incorrect answers. Does this mirror how Japan marks the test papers of students? If so why?”
sY3yZ.jpg

He is surprised to know that the Japanese way is the opposite from how teachers in most western culture to do it.

In Japan √ and is also used to mark for incorrect answers.
UyfAe.jpg
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(481) Tall Tale: Zenbei the wild vegetable seller [英作文]

 579_2.jpg
  Some troubles occurred to my mother. She saw a cup in front of her as two cups. If she tried to reach the cup, she often failed to grab it. I took her to an optician. The optician found out that her eyes always directed outside for unknown reasons. But Mother instantly came to know the true reason for her trouble. Two weeks later, she got better and now her eyes have returned to their normal position. My mother and I went to the optician for the last time to give a feedback on her recovery as we thanked him. I explained that her trouble might have something to do with her eye training. She was training herself to see both sides’ view at the same time. She believed that the older we get the narrower the eyesight becomes. She was practicing it for anti-aging. But this time’s trouble made her stop the eye practice. Then the optician laughed and gave us a story about eyes.

 “Long time ago”, he started, “there lived a mountain vegetable seller named Zenbei at Uwajima in Ehime prefecture. He collected wild vegetables in the mountain and sold them in the village. He worked diligently from morning to night, even on rainy and stormy days. One day, ‘always-running Zenbei’ felt his left eyeball floating and bouncing in the socket of his skull. And finally the eyeball fell down on the ground. But he calmly picked it up and put it back to its eye socket. Then he continued working hard again as if nothing had happened.

  “On that day he had sold out all his stock of wild vegetables earlier than usual. He was very happy, so he decided to visit tutelary shrine of the village to express his thanks. Incidentally, on that day, there was a bullfight, (that is a bull fighting against a bull), that was being held at the ground of the shrine. A lot of people got together around the bull fight ring. He couldn’t see anything, so he removed his eyeball and held it up in his hand to see the bulls, still he couldn’t see them. Next, he took a Bangasa umbrella from his backpack and tied to a long wooden bar. Lastly, he placed his eyeball on the opened umbrella. When he held the bar high to see the bullfight, he could enjoy watching the bullwrestling at the back of the crowd of spectators. 

  “At that moment, one crow was on the way back to its nest in the mountain. It noticed the eyeball from the sky and dived at it and flew away with his eyeball. He instantly felt the emergency and tried to chase the crow but failed in vain.

He felt down and went home with his one eyeball. To his surprise he found the eyeball in front of his house. The crow had dropped it because of its slipperiness and bad taste.

  “Anyway he was overjoyed to have it and hurriedly put it back to his eye socket, but he put it inward out. He suddenly saw his internal organs clearly for the first time. From then on, he got interested in watching his inside. He learned the inside of human body and soon became a famous doctor and a rich man.”

  “Well, as a matter of fact, this vegetable seller is my great grandfather,” finished the optician.

*


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(480) joke, big-game hunter and a lion [joke]

A big-game hunter VS a huge lion

  An intrepid1) big-game hunter was on his way back to camp with a record day’s bag2) when a huge lion suddenly stalked3) out of the jungle not thirty paces4) away.

狩人.jpg

The hunter had only one bullet left in his gun.
   He waited until the lion was ready to spring, took careful aim,  and missed. The jig was up5), he figured, but then a miracle occurred. The lion sprang too far, and landed in a heap6), fifteen feet beyond the hunter, who made the stockade7) in safety.
zoo_a06.gif

 The next afternoon the hunter went into his back yard to practice a little shooting at close range. He heard the strange noise outside the fence, and peered over it to see what was afoot8).  It was the lion practicing short leaps!
--- 笑う英語 Bennett Cerf’s JOKES For All Occasions, 1981

1) intrepid [ɪntrépɪd]: Fearless; bold; brave.
2) a record[rékɚd] day’s bag:
    Record: 記録的な
    Bag: The quantity of game taken in a particular period (usually by one person).
3) stalk [stˈɔːk]: To walk slowly and cautiously; to walk in a stealthy, noiseless manner
4) pace: The distance covered by a step.
5) The jig[ʤɪ́g] was up. : the game was up.
6) in a heap: どたりと
7) afoot [əfˈʊt]: Currently in progress.
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(479) word: dromedary [英単語]

Dromedary

I saw this word in a children book , titled “words starting with letter D.”

 dromedary2.jpg

Dromedary [drάmədèri]: speedy one-humped camel

 dromedary1.jpg

 

Bactrian camel [bˈæktriən]

Two-humped camel of the cold deserts of central Asia.

camel.jpg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYXyCzpVOss

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(478) a lump of sugar [英単語]

以下、すべてwebからの転記ですが、カフェでの話は特に、良いですね。
単語一つに、一つずつこんな話が聞けたら、作れたら、どんなに良いでしょうか


a lump of: 一個の


a lump of sugar.jpg


There was a girl in a café who was very fond of a dog who used to come there regularly with a man and she regularly gave him a lump of sugar, one day the man came in without the dog and said the dog was dead. The girl had the lump of sugar in her hand and when she heard the dog was dead tears came to her eyes and she ate the lump of sugar (Paris France, Liveright, 1970, p. 34).


 


氷砂糖の感じですね。
lump sugar.jpg


Chinese Lump Sugar is lumps of crystallized, refined sugar made from sugar cane.


It is opaque1) lumps of sugar, made in different sizes. The colour can be white or yellow; the yellow is referred to in English as Yellow Lump Sugar.


1) opaque: inpervious to light


http://www.cooksinfo.com/chinese-lump-sugar


 


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