(449) Bayanihan [英借文]

(449) Bayanihan
Pic. bayanihan

Can you guess what this painting is?
  A Filipino1) student stayed in my house two nights last October. She gave us this picture as a present. I asked her, “What is this?” I thought it was a picture of a Filipino festival or something, because it resembles to Omikoshi, Japanese portable shrine. But she replied “No”.  She explained, “These people are carrying their friend’s house to his new place to live. This is a picture of bayanihan. Bayanihan means a hero”. But still I didn’t understand the meaning of this painting at all. She showed me a lot of pictures and photographs of bayanihan in her laptop computer. I only got bayaniham is a very popular subject for artists in the Philippines2). And I thought I could search the Internet for bayanihan later.
1) Filipino: [fìləːnoʊ]フィリピン
2) the Philippines: [fɪ́ləpìnz] フィリピン(群島)
Pic. Mikoshi

The meaning of bayanihan
  I did a few searches for bayanihan on the Internet and got many hits. Bayanihan is the Filipino community spirit, rooted in the words Bayani (HERO) and Bayan (Nation). In essence, as we help
each other we become heroes for others. There is another explanation. It goes like this. Bayanihan is a Filipino word derived from the word bayan meaning town, nation, or community in general. "Bayanihan" literally means, "being a bayan," and is thus used to refer to a spirit of communal unity and cooperation.

Why has bayanihan been a favorite subject of many artists?
  In this painting many people are carrying the entire house on the bamboo. This is a Filipino tradition which can be observed in rural areas, wherein the town’s people were asked especially the men to lend a hand to3) a family who will move into4) a new place. The relocation5) does not only involves moving the family’s personal belongings but most importantly it concerns6) the
transfer of the family’s entire house to a new location.
  Bayanihan symbolizes an old and common tradition in the Philippines. This tradition reflects volunteerism and team work. It takes a fairly large number of people -- often 20 or more -- working together to carry the entire house. All this is done in a happy and festive mood. At the end of the day, the moving family expresses their gratitude7) by hosting a small fiesta8) for everyone. So there is a concept of the Filipino community spirit in this old custom bayanihan. This is why bayanihan has been a favorite subject of many artists.

to lend a hand to: に手を貸す
4) move into: へ引越しする
Move :from Picture That dictionary

5) relocation: 引越し
6) concerns: to affect or involove
7) expresses their gratitude: 感謝する、謝意[感謝の意・感謝の心]を表す[表する・表明する]、
8) fiesta: (スペイン語)パーティー 

What does this picture mean?
  Now I can understand what this picture means. This painting of bayanihan shows Filipinos’
concept of helping one another most especially in times of need9) without expecting anything in return. 
Filipino people believe in the bayanihan spirit; one of the many beautiful things that Filipinos own and can be proud of. What a wonderful concept it is! I also think now, this bayanihan sprit is great. The bayanihan spirit lives on among Filipinos even in modern days and has been demonstrated in many forms, such as, when natural calamities10) or disasters strike.
9) in times of need: 必要なとき
10) calamities: [kəlǽmətiz]

  I actually found several sites having the word bayanihan and read some of them on this occasion. I learned about bayanihan spirit from this picture. It was very good for me to become a host of
the Filipino student.