(484) word/ baboon [英単語]

Baboon [bæbúːn] 狒々
I saw this word, “baboon” in a children book which teaches English words beginning with the letter “b”.
Definition of baboon is large terrestrial monkeys having doglike muzzles.
ex. Hamadryas baboon

Next, I learned about the difference between apes and monkeys.
Ape: An animal of a class of primates generally larger than monkeys and distinguished from them by having no tail.
Monkey: Any of various long-tailed primates [prάɪmət霊長目の動物] (excluding the prosimians原猿).

chimpanzees (genus Pan) non-human apes (great apes)

gorillas (genus Gorilla)  non-human apes (great apes)

orangutans (genus Pongo)  non-human apes (great apes)猩々(しょうじょう)

gibbons [gíb(ə)n] (family Hylobatidae)  non-human apes (lesser apes)


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(479) word: dromedary [英単語]


I saw this word in a children book , titled “words starting with letter D.”


Dromedary [drάmədèri]: speedy one-humped camel



Bactrian camel [bˈæktriən]

Two-humped camel of the cold deserts of central Asia.



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(478) a lump of sugar [英単語]


a lump of: 一個の

a lump of sugar.jpg

There was a girl in a café who was very fond of a dog who used to come there regularly with a man and she regularly gave him a lump of sugar, one day the man came in without the dog and said the dog was dead. The girl had the lump of sugar in her hand and when she heard the dog was dead tears came to her eyes and she ate the lump of sugar (Paris France, Liveright, 1970, p. 34).


lump sugar.jpg

Chinese Lump Sugar is lumps of crystallized, refined sugar made from sugar cane.

It is opaque1) lumps of sugar, made in different sizes. The colour can be white or yellow; the yellow is referred to in English as Yellow Lump Sugar.

1) opaque: inpervious to light


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(477) word: sulk, pout [英単語]

Word: sulk, pout

Sulk [sˈʌlk]: (Vi) to refuse to speak or smile because you want people to know that you are angry about something

The child sulked in a corner after being slapped.


He's sulking in his room because I wouldn't let him have any more chocolate.

Pout [pάʊt]: (Vi) to push your lips, or your bottom lip, forward to how that you are annoyed about sth or to look sexually attractive


Vanessa always pouts if she doesn't get what she wants.

Caroline pouts her lips when she's putting on lipstick.

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(472) word: hobbyhorse [英単語]

1. toy horse on which a child rocks.
2. topic one constantly talks about.
----Merrian Webster

---RIQ(Free newspaper) なーるほど英会話

But there were spiderwebs on the dolls and the hoop, and the hobbyhorse, because there was no one there to use them.
---from picture book “The donkey prince”
hobbyhorse web小.jpg
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(471) word : mistletoe [英単語]

Word: Mistletoe

mistletoe matsuyama3.jpg
pic. mistletoe matsuyama3

Word: mistletoe [mísltòʊ|‐t`əʊ]

1. Noun. Any of several parasitic evergreen plants with white berries that grow in the crowns of oaks, apple trees and other trees. 

2. Noun. A sprig of these plants used as a Christmas decoration.

parasitic: Drawing upon another organism for sustenance.
crowns: The upper branches and leaves of a tree or other plant.

Pic. mistletoe1

It is traditional to kiss under the mistletoe.

This tradition comes from a Norse legend.

mistletoe kiss.jpg
pic. mistletoe kiss

What is the story behind it?

Mistletoe’s mystical properties stem back from the Celts and Norse people who believed there was something mystical about it as it stayed green in winter even when the tree has
lost its leaves.
Celts: A member of a European people who once occupied Britain and Spain and Gaul prior to Roman times.
Norse: An inhabitant of Scandinavia.

mistletoe matsuyama2.jpg
Pic. Mistletoe matsuyama2

It was also believed to bring luck in Medieval times.

One Norse tale explains its links to romance and love (and kissing).

Balder, son of the goddess Frigga, was killed by an evil spirit with an arrow made of mistletoe.


Frigga was so distraught that her tears turned to white berries, coating the plant and symbolizing her love for him.
Frigga was so overjoyed that she blessed the plant and promised a kiss to all who passed beneath it from that day onwards.

This turned into a tradition in ancient times when visitors would kiss the hand of a host under the mistletoe when they arrived as a way of honouring the Norse legend.

distraught: Deeply agitated especially from emotion. 

Since then, the tradition has evolved to the custom we all know.
In England, the custom of kissing under the mistletoe is referred to in late 18th century England.
mistletoe matsuyama4.jpg
pic. mistletoe matsuyama4


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(468) word: dust [英単語]

Word: dust


Dust: Noun.
Fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in
the air. "The furniture was covered with dust"

Dust: Verb. Remove the dust
from. "Dust the cabinets"

Duster: A piece of
cloth used for dusting.

Dirt: mud, dust,
or grime that makes something unclean

Poppy pig
by dick bruna

Poppy Pig (Miffy's Library)

Poppy Pig (Miffy's Library)

  • 作者: Dick Bruna
  • 出版社/メーカー: Egmont Books Ltd
  • 発売日: 1996/11/15
  • メディア: ハードカバー

She dusted down the
cupboard next

she took the greatest care

she dusted up, she dusted down

she dusted everywhere.

But look, oh dear, the duster now
was dirty as could be
so Poppy washed it in a bowl
until the
dirt came free.



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(466) sill [英単語]

Word: sill
Meaning: piece of wood, or stone, etc.
forming the base of window or a door.
A window-sill 窓敷居、窓台
A door-sill ドアの敷居

The little house she lived in had flowers
on the sill.
---“Poppy pig” by Dick Bruna

Even if you’ve only got a windowsill, you can
still grow some lovely grub.
window sill.jpg


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(463) word/ scone [英単語]

 (463) word/ scone

banana scone.jpg
ミニバナナ スコーンというお菓子を食べさせてもらって、sconeという言葉を知った。


A scone is a single-serving quick
. They are usually made of wheat, barley or oatmeal,
with baking powder as a leavening agent, and are baked on sheet pans. They are often lightly sweetened and are occasionally glazed with egg wash. The scone is a basic component of the cream tea or Devonshire tea. It differs from a teacake and other sweet buns, which are made with yeast.

single-serving: 一回だけの
quick bread:
・Wheat [(h)wí
ːt]: 小麦
・oatmeal [ó
ʊtmìːl]: ひき割りオート麦
・sheet pan: A sheet pan, baking tray or baking sheet is a flat, rectangular metal pan used in an oven.
sheet pan.jpg

・glazed [
ɡɪzd]: うわぐすりをかけた、上塗りをした、つやをつけた、
・egg wash: Egg (yolk or white) mixed with a little milk; brushed on pastry before baking to give a glazed appearance
・leavening agent [lɛ́vənɪŋ]: 膨脹剤
・component: 構成要素
・Devonshire tea: A cream tea as traditionally served in Devon. (英国Devonの旧称)


The difference in pronunciation is alluded to in the poem which contains the lines:

I asked the maid in dulcet tone [toʊn]
To order me a buttered scone [skóʊn];
The silly girl has been and gone [gˈɔːn]
And ordered me a buttered scone[gɔ́(ː)n].

dulcet [dʌ́lsit]: 〈文〉耳に快い、旋律が美しい
allude to [əːd]: であるとほのめかす 
ordered me a buttered scone = ordered a butter scone for me


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(462) Word/communicate [英単語]


I read a picture book about communication a few weeks ago. I’d like to show you several phases from the book.

What is communication? There are three simple answers in the book.

1. Communication is sharing knowledge.
2. It is telling news.
3. It is expressing feelings, and being heard.

Second, what condition is needed to communicate?

It takes two to communicate.
One to say it. One to listen…and respond.

But there are other occasions to communicate. Here are two examples in the book.

1. We sometimes communicate with ourselves.
Sometimes when a feeling is fresh, it is hard to explain it to someone else. So I
communicate with myself. 
I write it in my dictionary. It helps me understand what is troubling me.

2. Even a book can communicate your feelings to you.



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