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(444) Word/ dinghy [英単語]

(444) Word/ dinghy

The word I chose spells “DINGHY”.
It is pronounced [díŋ(g)i].
Dinghy is defined as follows:

1. Noun. (nautical) A small open boat, propelled by oars or paddles, carried as a tender, lifeboat, or pleasure craft on a ship ¹

01 tender.jpg
Pic. 01 Tender

2. Noun. (nautical) An inflatable rubber life raft ¹

02 inflatable.jpg
Pic. 02 Inflatable

03 dinghy.jpg
pic. 03 dinghy

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

I take an example sentence with dinghy.

A family from Gateshead, Newcastle, are rescued by firefighters in a
dinghy after heavy rains flood their home.

04 firefighter in a dinghy.jpg
Pic. 04 Firefighter in a dinghy


  Heavy rain from a tropical storm caused severe flooding in eastern Japan in last September. The Kinu River’s embankment collapsed. On the same day I happened to see a children’s book named “the flood” at my friend’s home. What a coincidence! I found this word “dinghy”. This word was new to me.

05 flood.jpg
Pic. 05 The flood

Flood!

Flood!

  • 作者: Roderick Hunt
  • 出版社/メーカー: Oxford University Press
  • 発売日: 2011/01/01
  • メディア: ペーパーバック



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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(441) like colors [英単語]

(441) like colors
like colors.jpg
The words I picked up tonight are “like colors”. The meaning of like here is similar. I saw these words in a tag of reusable grocery bag1) that I bought the other day.
It reads,
 “Machine wash cold with like colors,
lay flat to dry. May shrink slightly
and fabric colors may run2).”


1) 買い物袋
2) 〔衣類などの染料が〕落ちる、脱落する


I looked it up in a dictionary.

Oxford English Mini Dictionary 8/E (P)

Oxford English Mini Dictionary 8/E (P)

  • 作者: Charlotte Buxton
  • 出版社/メーカー: Oxford University Press (Japan) Ltd.
  • 発売日: 2013/05/08
  • メディア: ペーパーバック






Oxford English mini dictionary says

‘Like’ means

Prep.

1. similar to

v.

1. find pleasant or satisfactory

Conj.

In the same way that

n.

1. (the like) things of the same kind,

Adj. similar

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共通テーマ:ショッピング

(435) Word: CONVOY [英単語]

(435) Word: CONVOY

Definition of Convoy

Noun. A procession of land vehicles
traveling together.
[kάnv
ɔɪ]

I heard an Australian women say this word “convoy” when 7 buses were going to transport 200 scouts from Yamaguchi to Ehime prefecture. I got on one of the buses.

She said “Bus convoy or something. This word was new to me but I could guess its meaning. We staggered buses’ departure times so they were not riding close to each other.

Example sentence with convoy
Bus convoy.jpg

Keeping your coaches1) together while in transit may sound like a great idea but it’s not. Some of the worst accidents involving buses have been due to a convoy. When two coaches carrying 40 plus people are riding2) very close to each other it is a recipe3) for disaster. Most industry experts recommend staggering4) your departure times to put the most amount of distance between your coaches.

Another example sentence with “convoy” is the next.

And they're off! The convoy took off from Frontier to New Brunswick.

bus convoy took off.jpg

When I was young I might see of this poster or the name of this drama. That’s why I can guess this word “convoy

Convoy (1978)
110 min |  Action, Drama  |  10
June 1978 (Japan)
Truckers form a mile long "convoy" in support of a trucker's vendetta5) with an abusive sheriff...Based on the country song of same title by C.W. McCall.

convoy.jpg

1) coach 〈英〉長距離バス
2) ride 〔自動車が〕~のように走る
3) recipe [résəː]recipe for a disastera ~》〔危険な選択などを評して〕災害のレシピ、惨事を招く行為
4) stagger [stˈægɚ]
(
ラッシュアワーを避けたり仕事の能率向上のために)〈休暇・混雑時間を〉ずらす.
5) vendetta [vendéṭə] 長期にわたる不和,抗争
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共通テーマ:映画

(433) Inbound and outbound [英単語]

(433) Inbound and outbound

I am going to talk about the words, inbound and outbound.

Inbound[
ɪnbáʊnd]: directed or moving inward or toward a center(交通機関など)市内へ向かう
Outbound[á
ʊtbàʊnd]: leaving or departing, traveling away from. (交通機関など)市外に向かう
Outbound is the antonym of outbound.

chicago airport.JPGchicago chicago deparcher.jpgdeparture

I traveled to Boston. I made a trip to the United States with my daughter from July 8 to 14. I flew from Narita to Chicago, then changed planes to Boston. The plane was late. I didn’t know of the reason. The information board said, “Late inbound aircraft arrival.” It was supposed to depart 11:00 am but we had to wait about two hours. This was the first meeting with “inbound”.

On the next day we have two places to visit. We went there by train, MBTA (Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority) Commuter Rail. One of them is located near Natic Center of Framingham/Worcester Line.
natic center.jpgnatic center

We got on the train at Back Bay of Boston. When I saw its schedule information, I maybe saw today’s words, “inbound” and “outbound”.
back bay3.jpgback bay3 back bay2.JPGback bay2

I don’t remember what I saw at Back Bay station, so I checked its schedule on the Internet. I had to select two things. One is Direction and another is timing. The direction has inbound and outbound to click. The timing has Weekday, Saturday, Sunday, and Labor Day. After selecting the two things I pressed "Redisplay" button. Then I can see the train schedule I wanted to see.
This was the second time to see “inbound” and “outbound” on this trip.
schedule information.jpg
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共通テーマ:旅行

(431) Sun poisoning [英単語]

(431) Sun poisoning

I invited a college student of Illinois to dinner in my house last month. She got sun burnt on her face and arms. “Are you alright? “ I said. She replied it’s OK, but to me her pink skins looked really painful. On the next day I met other college student from Illinois at my friend’s little party. I talked him about her bad sun burn. He said he knew of hers, but another friend had more serious ones on her feet. Because she wore sandals. At that time I heard “sun poisoning” from him. I could guess its meaning but this word was new to me.
sun poisoning.jpg

1. Meaning:

Sun poisoning doesn't really mean you've been poisoned. It is often the term used for a severe case of sunburn. This is usually a burn from ultraviolet (UV) radiation that inflames your skin.
http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/sun-poisoning?page=1#1

2. How to use this word:

(1) Have sun poisoning
Sun poisoning is no fun! I had it twice. It feels like your skin is crawling with ants and stings so bad. It hurts to have clothing or anything touch your skin. If I take a pink benadryl the swelling and stinging go away. I tried cool showers to try to soothe, and putting the blue gel stuff on it or the green aloe gel on the sunburn helps.
You May Have Sun Poisoning If You Experience Chills, Fever, Or Get Blisters Or A Rash. - See more at:

(2) Get sun poisoning
If you do get sun poisoning there are few ways that you can treat it:
- Apply cold compresses or take a cool bath
- Cover skin with aloe gel or moisturizer
- etc.

(3) Suffering from sun poisoning
Individuals suffering from sun poisoning can experience swelling, blistering, tingling, pain,
and skin redness at the site of irritation.
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共通テーマ:健康

(428) 2006-3 grade 1, 21~25 [英単語]

428 2006-3

21-1.
brevity
[brévəṭi]

Shortness of duration; briefness of time;短く、またははかないことの特性/
Today’s post is a very sad one for me to write today but I must write it and try to glean the lessons we can all learn about the brevity of life.

Brevity
brevity.jpg

21-2.
caliber
[kˈæləbɚ]

A degree or grade of excellence or worth.(人物の)度量,才幹/
The famous painter’s later pieces were heavily criticized. Many critics said it was amazing that an artist of his caliber could produce such uninspired work.

Caliber
caliber.jpg

21-3.
censure
[sénʃɚ]

The act of blaming, criticizing, or condemning as wrong; reprehension.非難,とがめ/
Zimbabwe to escape censure
over abuses in diamond mines

Censure2
censure2.jpg

21-4.
ratio
[
ɪʃoʊ]

A number representing a comparison between two things.比,比率,割合/
In our classroom example, we might compare the number of boys to the number of girls with the ratio
5 girls : 15 boys. We can drop the labels "girls" and "boys" and simply express the ratio as 5 : 15 if we're careful not to lose the meaning of the ratio.

Ratio
ratio.jpg

22-1.
slap down
[sl
ˈæp]

To browbeat or reprimand someone harshly, usually in front of other people.〈…を〉強く[荒っぽく]抑える; 拒絶する,/
If opinions are alway slapped down without being heard or considered, you get no new ideas and the person presenting the opinion will no longer have any initiative to participate.

Slap down
slap down.jpg

22-2.
slip by
[slíp]


to go unnoticed過ぎ去る/
A day can really slip by when you’re
deliberately avoiding what you’re supposed to do.

Slip by
slip by.jpg

22-3.
patch up
[pˈætʃ]

Come to terms〈意見の相違・けんかなどを〉一時的に取り繕う, 静める./
A: Andre you need to patch
up
your differences with Edward after that argument at yesterday’s
meeting.
B: Yes, Mr. Smith. I’m sorry. I’ll talk him today.

Patch up
patch up.jpg

22-4.
tire out
[t
άɪɚ]

To make someone tired; to exhaust.疲れさせる/
So here are my fool-proof 10 ways to tire out your dog!

Tire up
tire up.jpg

23-1.
bring up
[bríŋ]

To raise (children).〈子供を〉育てる/
Around 200,000 grandparents, older siblings, aunts, uncles and other
relatives in the UK are bringing up 300,000 children whose own parents can no longer fulfil the role due to death, drug and alcohol abuse, domestic violence, illness and imprisonment.

Bring up
bring up.jpg

23-2.
hold down
[ ʊld]


To continue, to hold and to manage well.〈仕事・職を〉維持する/
I really admire Zoe. Even though she has to look after her sick mom she manages both to hold down
a part-time job and volunteer at the community center.

Hold down
hold down.jpg

23-3.
draw in
[ dr
ˈɔː]

To attract (groups of people). 〔人を〕引き込む、〔客などを〕集める/
In the early 20th century, companies used hand-drawn illustrations and lengthier narrative formats as marketing strategies to draw in consumers.

Draw in
draw in.jpg


23-4.
roll over
[
ʊl]


Make a rolling motion or turn寝返りを打つ./
By around five months most babies can roll over. Usually she’ll favour one side when she starts rolling over – this is completely normal. As she becomes stronger she’ll be able to roll over in both directions.

Roll over
roll over.jpg

24-1.
kick up
[ kík]

To stir up (trouble), to cause (a disturbance).〈騒動・混乱などを〉巻き起こす./
A: I’m going to speak to the boss about John’s behavior. He’s just so rude.
B: I wouldn’t kick up
a fuss if I were you. I heard that John and the boss are good friends.

Kick up
kick up.jpg

24-2.
punch in
[ p
ˈʌntʃ]

Register one's arrival at work  仕事へのその人の到達を登録する/
Traditional punch-in time clocks are being replaced by biometric solutions, some using tablets The idea is to head off so-called "buddy punching" where employee A covers for a late or absent employee B by punching in for them.

Punch in
punch in.jpg

24-3.
beat up
[
ːt]

To give a severe beating to.  (たたいて)〈人を〉ひどい目にあわす,/
Amid ongoing racial tensions in Ferguson, Mo., the Daily Beast reported on a 2009 incident in which city police beat up a wrongfully arrested African-American man and then charged him for getting blood on their uniforms.

Beat up
beat up.jpg


24-4.
fall off
[ f
ˈɔːl]

To become detached or to drop from. …から落ちる/
There will come a day in every rider’s life when he or she will fall off the horse. Some will find themselves flat on their backs, like I was yesterday, staring up at the sky thinking, “Wow. How’d I get down here?”

Fall off
fall off2.jpg

25-1.
carve up
[k
άɚv]

To cut into pieces 〈肉を〉小さく切り分ける./
Baskin-Robbins Invites Guests To Carve Up Its Iconic Turkey Ice Cream Cake This Thanksgiving

Carve up
carve up.jpg



25-2.
wrap up
[ rǽp
əp]


Arrange or fold as a cover or protection.  覆いまたは保護として調整するまたは包む/
With all this talk of Mother's Day gifts during "Celebrating MOM",
I wanted to share a few of my favorite ways to wrap up all of those lovingly made treasures!

Wrap up
wrap up.jpg

25-3.
head up
[héd]


Be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel. 〔組織など〕の長[頭]である、〔組織など〕を率いる/
Simoes, Hylland head up MGS graduating class
The Mrs. Ed. MacKay Memorial Awards for best all-round male and female students at Mary Gardner School were captured by Tyler Hylland and Marissa Simoes
at the school's graduation ceremony recently.

Head up
head up.jpg

25-4
take off
[
ɪk]


to spring into wide use or popularity〔商品が〕急に売れだす、よく売れだす、人気が出る、/
If domestic sales of its new compact eco-car take off, the carmaker plans to introduce the vehicle on the international market.

Take off
take off.jpg



 


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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(427) 2006-3 grade 1, 16~20 [英単語]

427 2006-3

16-1.
inertly
[
ɪnˈɚːt-]


Without activity; sluggishly.自動力のない状態で, 緩慢に/
The controllers (up to four can be used at once) are wireless, and
information about their position, rotation, acceleration, and distance from the screen is transmitted via infrared to a thin, foot-long sensor that sits on top of your television. This means no sitting inertly and staring at the screen; players
must stand and move their bodies.

inertly
inertly.jpg

16-2.
meekly
[míkli]


In a submissive or spiritless manner.おとなしく,素直に/
  Mr. Kelly was so afraid of confrontation at work that he would meekly accept orders from anyone, even his subordinates.

meekly
meekly.jpg

16-3
astutely
[əstútli]


In a shrewd manner.機敏に/
Archimedes the first to astutely
compare and measure weight and volume using the outlet of water.


Astutely
astutely.jpg

16-4
bluntly
[bl
ʌ́ntli]


In a blunt manner; coarsely; plainly; abruptly; without delicacy, or the usual forms of civility.ぶっきらぼうに,無遠慮に./
When Andy started his journey he weighed 470 pounds. His doctors told him bluntly that his obesity
would kill him if he didn't find a way to lose weight.


bluntly
bluntly.jpg

17-1.
dispel
[d
ɪspél]


To drive away by scattering, or to cause to vanish; to clear away; to banish; to dissipate.晴らす, 追い散らす, 追い払う, 払い去る/
To dispel sleepiness, rub your ears upward from the lobe with a dab of cool skin toner on your fingers.

dispel
dispel.jpg

17-2.
surmise
[s
ɚmάɪz]


Imagine to be the case or true or probable.(想像に基づいて)〈…を〉推量する,推測する/
Some surmise that earthlings are quietly buying resources such as exotic precious metals and new potential energy sources from space aliens.

Surmise
surmise.jpg


17-3.
feign
[ɪn]


Make a pretence of. ~のふりをする/
The bank teller continued to feign ignorance about the missing money even though there was
an increasing amount of evidence against her.


feign
feign.jpg

17-4.
remand
[r
ɪmˈænd]


Lock up or confine, in or as in a jail. 閉じ込める、あるいは監禁する/
For allegedly burning the placenta of a newborn baby with other spiritual substances, a 32-year-old cleric, Ilorin, Kwara State, has been remanded at the Federal Prison, Oke-Kura, Ilorin.


Remand
remand.jpg


18-1
outcast
[ á
ʊtkæ̀st]


A person who is rejected (from society or home).(社会や家庭から)拒絶された人 /
You want to encourage your daughter to befriend the elementary class outcast. Smart? Possible?

Outcast
outcast.jpg

18-2.
offshoot
[
ɔ́fʃùt]


That which shoots off or separates from a main stem, channel, family, race, etc.〔元から〕分かれ出たもの、派生物 /
Many people don’t know that skateboarding is a direct offshoot of surfing. In fact, when it first
appeared, it was called “sidewalk surfing.”


offshoot
offshoot.jpg

18-3.
onrush
アクセント・音節ónrùsh


An aggressive assault〔身体・言葉による〕攻撃、襲撃/
Knights Onrush appears to be a version of this Castle Defense genre but with much better
graphics and a (seemingly) wider variety of ways to destroy your attackers.


Screenshot from Knights Onrush
onrush.jpg

18-4.
inflow
アクセント・音節ínflòw


The act or process of flowing in or into 流入./
File:Skilak Lake inflow.jpg

Inflow
inflow.jpg

19-1.
caste
[k
ˈæst]


Social status or position conferred by a system based on class.カースト制度/
There was an even lower tier than the merchants and shopkeepers in Japan, the social outcasts.
These included slaves and their descendents; …; prostitutes and courtesans including yujo, oiran, tayu, and geisha;

caste
caste.jpg
oiran entertainer from the lower class in Japan

19-2.
guise
[g
άɪz]


Misleading appearance;(特に,人を欺くために外面を装った)外観,様子./
In fairy tales, beings often appear in guises. A spirit appears in the guise of a fox. A god comes to earth in the guise of an old woman.

Guise
guise.jpg

19-3.
vogue
[
ʊg]


the prevailing fashion or style(一時的な)流行,はやり/
Languages are in vogue in the fashion industry.
International brands and overseas supply chains make languages essential for a career in fashion.

vogue
vogue.jpg

19-4.
plight
[pl
άɪt]


A situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or
trying one. (
通例悪い)状態,苦境,窮状,/
Arguing that the plight of the refugees was worsening because of a lack of aid, U.N. officials reminded countries of their initial promises to provide funds.

plight
plight.jpg

20-1.
secluded
[s
ɪklúdɪd]


Hidden from general view or use.〈場所など〉引っ込んだ所にある,人里離れた./
The main beach was too crowded, so Adam walked along the shore until he came to a secluded spot where he could read his book in peace.

Secluded
secluded.jpg

20-2.
fervent
[f
ˈɚːv(ə)nt]


Exhibiting particular enthusiasm, zeal, conviction, persistence, or belief.熱烈な,強烈な./
Without holy living and fervent
prayer churches cease to be vibrant expressions of the living God.

Fervent
fervent.jpg


20-3.
boisterous
[b
ˈɔɪstərəs]


Full of energy; exuberant; noisy.〈人・行為など〉荒々しい,乱暴な; 騒がしい./
Toddler
Why is my child so loud and boisterous?


Boisterous
boisterous.jpg

20-4.
disbanded
[d
ɪsbˈænd-]


Stop functioning or cohering as a unit.〈隊・組織などを〉解散する./
It's been a while since we've heard from the girls of CHI CHI, and it's
speculated that the girl group has disbanded. As if to confirm fans' suspicions, their choreographer Reflex mentioned that the group did disband.

Disbanded
disbanded.jpg



 


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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(426) 2006-3 grade 1, 11~15 [英単語]

2006-3


11-1.
squandered
[skw
ndɚ]



Waste.〈金・時間・精力などを〉〔…に〕浪費する
inon./

The company’s profits were quickly squandered on luxury business travel and the president’s gambling habit.


Squander
squander.jpg


11-2.
clobbered
[klbɚ-]



Hit hard. 〈人を〉容赦なく(幾度も)打つ; 殴り倒す./

San Francisco Man Clobbered
With Baseball Bat for No Apparent Reason

"The next thing you know he was struck hard in the back of the head with what appears to be a baseball bat," Officer Carlos Manfredi tells us.


Clobber

clobber.jpg


11-3.
clambered
[klˈæm(b)ɚ-]



Climb awkwardly. (手足を使って苦労しながら)よじ登る/

Julia wasn’t so confident in her jumping ability and after aeons looking for a suitable crossing point she found a tree to clamber across.


Julia
clambering across river
clamber
clamber.jpg


11-4.
squabbled
[skw
bl-]



Dispute.〔人と〕〔つまらない事で〕けんか[口論]する/

In Squirrel Squabble,
a player must outguess, outmaneuver, and outsmart his opponent to be the first squirrel to gather five nuts and return home.



Squabble
s.squabble.jpg



12-1.
scarcity
[ské
ɚsəṭi]



Smallness of supply, quantity, or number in proportion to demand. (生活必需品などの)不足,欠乏 /

Muslim nations may face a lot of diverse problem but one concern they share is water scarcity.


Scarcity
scarcity.jpg


12-2.
satire
[s
ˈætɑɪɚ]



Literary
ridicule done with humor.
風刺,皮肉/

Exaggeration is a type of satire.


Satire
satire.jpg


12-3.
equity
[ékw
əṭi]



Justice.公平,公正./

EQUITY is about FAIRNESS, it’s about making sure people get access to the same opportunities.

Sometimes our differences and/or history, can create barriers to
participation, so we must FIRST ensure EQUITY before we can enjoy equality.


Equity and equality
equity and equality.jpg


12-4.
solace
[s
ləs]



Comfort. 慰め,慰安/

Saddened by the recent loss of her close friend, Marge flipped through her photo albums, seeking solace
by recalling the times they had shared together.


Solace2
s.solace2.jpg


13-1.
petrified
[pétr
əfὰɪd]



Make rigid or inactive (as from fear) びっくり仰天して/

John detested pubic speaking and was petrified at the thought of having to give a speech in front of the entire company at the annual conference.


Petrified
petrified.jpg


13-2.
edified
[éd
əfὰɪ-]



Instructed and encouraged in moral, intellectual, and spiritual improvement. To supply with spiritual or intellectual light. 〈人を〉教化する,啓発する./

On my mission, I found I was edified most by teaching others - and now I am surprised to find just how much I am edified by teaching my children.


Edified
edified.jpg


13-3.
ecstatic
[èkst
ˈæṭɪk]



Feeling great rapture or delight. 有頂天の,夢中の; /

As Olympic chief Jacques Rogge read the IOC decision, cheers and shouts rang out, with groups of ecstatic
Japanese hugging each other and punching the air.


Ecstatic
ecstatic.jpg



13-4.
pedantic
[p
ɪdˈænṭɪk]



Marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects. 学者ぶった,もの知り顔の/

'I like and trust you, because you’re pedantic!'


This was the comment from a recent client following a meeting to sign his Will. While this comment might seem to be somewhat of a put down, he was in fact wholly satisfied, and I knew where he was coming from.


Pedantic
pedantic.jpg


14-1.
splashed
[ spl
ˈæʃ-]



Scatter a liquid on. )飛び散る水滴または塊で追い出される/

Many splashed white
horses are characterized by a large blaze, extended white markings on legs, variable white spotting on belly, pink skin and often blue eyes.


Splashed
splashed.jpg


14-2.
splayed
[splé
ɪ-]



Spread out. 〈…を〉広げる out./

Jazz Hands….I look damn good don’t I?  Suddenly, i get the urge to fan my fingers out. To have my hands
opened with my palms facing forward and i also like to splay my fingers.


Splay
splay.jpg


14-3.
diced
[d
άɪs-]



Cut into small cubes. 〈野菜などを〉さいの目に刻む/

A diced vegetable
is cut into small cubes. It's easy to dice quickly and evenly once you have the knack. Just think "slices, sticks, and cubes."


Diced
diced.jpg


14-4.
quelled
[kwél-]



To bring to an end by destroying or defeating. 〈反乱などを〉鎮める,鎮圧する/

The rebellion was quickly quelled
by forces loyal to the president.


Quell2
quell2.jpg


15-1.
exult
[
ɪgzˈʌlt]



Rejoice in triumph. 〔…に〕大喜びをする /

Alabama's Geralen Stack-Eaton exults after her work on the balance beam during Saturday's Super Six finals of the NCAA Gymnastics Championships at the Wolstein Center.


Exult
exult.jpg


15-2.
enact
[
ɪnˈækt]



Make into law. 〈法律を〉制定する,規定する/

More communities are enacting
fire restrictions as hot, dry, gusty weather fuels wildfires around Colorado.


Enact
enact.jpg


15-3.
stitch
[stít
ʃ]



sew〈…を〉縫う; 縫いとじる. /

Zigzag stitches are also used in finishing edges after stitching and pressing a seam. To achieve this, simply stitch a zigzag stitch right on the edge of a seam allowance.


Stitch
stitch.jpg


15-4.
broach
[bró
ʊtʃ]



To open up ( a subject) for discussion. 〔人に〕〈話を〉切り出す,提案する/

During his annual performance evaluation, the man had planned to ask for a pay raise, but in the end he did not have the courage to broach the subject.


Broach
broach.jpg



 


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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(425) 2006-3 grade 1, 6~10 [英単語]

425 2006-3


6-1.
sanction
[s
ˈæŋ(k)ʃən]



An official order that limits business, contact, etc with a particular country,
in order to make it do sth, such as obeying international law. (
通例数か国共同の,国際法違反国に対する)制裁(措置)./

As the West has tightened its sanctions on Iran and as Western leaders have rather proudly spoken of the effect of their policy, I thought it necessary to bring the forgotten group who suffer the most from the sanctions into mainstream discourse.


Sanction
sanctions.jpg


6-2.
mandate
[m
ˈændeɪt]



An official or authoritative command; an order or injunction; a commission; a
judicial precept. 
(選挙民が議会などへ与える)権限./


Latest Poll Confirms No Mandate for Same-Sex Marriage

Family First says that the latest NZ Herald poll on gay marriage proves that 70-80 politicians have no mandate to change the longstanding definition of marriage.


Mandate
mandate.jpg


6-3.
pretext
[prí
ːtekst]



Falsely stated purpose. (事実と違った偽りの)口実 offor./

To a man, unrequited love is a pretext for pleasure without love - Love Quotes


Pretext
pretext.jpg


6-4.
verdict
[v
ˈɚːdɪkt]



Decision of a jury.  (陪審員が裁判長に提出する)評決,答申/

The family of the defendant was hugely relieved when the jury returned a verdict of not guilty on the charge of manslaughter.


Verdict
verdict.jpg


7-1.
clenched
[klént
ʃ-]



Close tightly. 〈歯を〉くいしばる; /

The athlete clenched his teeth and made one final attempt to lift the barbell.


Clench2
clench2.jpg


7-2.
thumped
[
θˈʌmp-]



Strike with something thick or heavy causing a dull heavy sound. /

The last method is the thump test. This is done by thumping the top of the melon. If the watermelon has a dull thud when thumped, it is very
possible the melon is ripe.


Thump
thump.jpg


7-3.
clumped
[kl
ˈʌmp-]



Come together as in a cluster or flock. 群生する./

Beauty Trend Alert: Clumped Lashes

The clumped lash trend is perfect for the fresh-faced girl this summer who is looking for a fun, new beauty trend.


Clumped
clumped.jpg


7-4.
snarled
[sn
άɚl-]



Utter in an angry, sharp, or abrupt tone.〈怒った犬などが〉〔…に〕(歯をむきだして)うなる Cause to become
knotted.
〈髪などを〉もつれさせる/

She snarled at the lamentable prospect of having to unfurl the snarl of hemp before she could make bracelets with it.


Snarl
snarl.jpg


8-1.
promiscuous
[pr
əmískjuəs]



Not restricted to one sexual partner. 〈性関係が〉乱交の,乱交する./

Women can be more promiscuous
than men!

A new study has suggested that when it comes to being sexually unfaithful
while being away from home, women tend to rack up more lovers than men.


Promiscuous
promiscuous.jpg


8-2.
hereditary
[h
ɪrédətèri]



Genetically passed or passable from parent to offspring. 遺伝()の,遺伝的な/

Ashley knew that the disease his mother had was hereditary, so he wasn’t surprised when the doctor confirmed that he had it, too.


Hereditary
hereditary.jpg


8-3.
dispensable
[d
ɪspénsəbl]



Capable of being dispensed with. なくても済む,必ずしも必要でない /

I hate how dispensable I am to people. I hate how people feel they can just forget about me, replace me, erase me without even a second thought


Dispensable
dispensable.jpg


8-4.
intermittent
[ìn
ṭɚmítnt]



Coming at intervals. 時々とぎれる,/

Forget the fountain of youth or anti-aging potions, the secret to extending
youth is all in what you eat or don’t eat. Intermittent fasting combined with exercise can actually reverse the aging process in your muscle and brain tissue!


Intermittent
intermittent.jpg


9-1.
exacerbate
[
ɪgzˈæsɚɪt]



Make worse.〈苦痛・病気・恨みなどを〉悪化させる,

If the planned closure of the electronics factory goes ahead, it will only exacerbate the local unemployment problem.


Exacerbate
exacerbate.jpg


9-2.
invigorate
[
ɪnvígəɪt]



Give life and energy to. 〈人に〉元気を出させる,/

Japan looks to casinos to invigorate
economy

Japan, where gambling is currently illegal, is seen as an untapped market for Asian casinos.


Invigorate2
invigorate2.jpg


9-3.
pulverize
[p
ˈʌlvərὰɪz]



Beat or grind into a powder. 〈…を〉粉状にする,砕く./

Chinese Officials Pulverize More Than 6 Tons of Illegal Ivory

China’s first large-scale ivory destruction was lauded by environmentalists, but more work is necessary.


Pulverize
pulverize.jpg


9-4.
gnaw
[n
ˈɔː]



Bite or chew on. 〈堅いものを〉ガリガリかじる/

When it comes to gnawing, rodents are superbly adapted. Incisors, which in most rodents are constantly growing, are curved. If rodents didn’t gnaw, their teeth would grow too large for their mouths.


Gnaw
gnaw.jpg


10-1.
leered
[ɚ-]



Suggestive look. 〔…を〕横目でにらむ,いやらしい目つきで見る/

Are men that horny that they have to stare, have swivel head and leer after women all the time on the street?


leer
leer.jpg


10-2.
taunted
[t
ˈɔːnt-]



taunt: to make an object of laughter. 〈人を〉〔…だといって〕あざける,冷やかす; なじる with./

Mom, the boys at the bus stand near my school taunted me. They were laughing, shouting and making lewd remarks with double meanings,” she continued between painful sobs.


Taunt2
taunt2.jpg


10-3.
strutted
[str
ˈʌt-] 



strut: to move about often self-consciously and usually in a conspicuous
manner.
もったいぶって[そりかえって]歩く/

Watch the video clips below and learn how to strut the runway with tips on grunge walk, head pivot turns, arms and full turns etc. from a modeling agency expert owner.


Strut
strut.jpg


10-4.
winced
[ wins-]



Shrink
back involuntarily.
〔痛さ・怖さに〕ひるむ,たじろぐ/

The soldier winced in pain as medic applied antiseptic to his wounds.


Wince
wince.jpg



 


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共通テーマ:資格・学び

(424) 2006-3 grade 1, 1~5 [英単語]

2006-3


1-1.
adroit
[
ədrˈɔɪt]



Dexterous
or shrewd
器用な; 機敏な,巧みな/

The tailor was adroit
at making quick repairs to even the most difficult of garments.


Adroit
adroit.jpg


1-2.
harried
[h
ɛ́rid]



Troubled
persistently especially with petty annoyances.
持続的にささいな不快感に特に悩まされる/

Could that woman look LESS like a harried mom?


But this one was more like it.
harried
harried.jpg


1-3.
incompetent
[ìnk
mpətnt]



Lacking
sufficient knowledge or skill
無能な,役に立たない./

Dealing with Your Incompetent
Boss

Most people have had experience with someone who is incompetent, or at least unhelpful,” says Annie McKee, founder of the Teleos Leadership Institute


Incompetent
incompetent.jpg


1-4. clumsy
[kl
ˈʌmzi]



Lacking
dexterity, nimbleness, or grace
不器用な,下手な; /

He's just so clumsy!
Always walking into things and tripping up over things. He looks clumsy too don't you
think. Look at that hair!


Clumsy
clumsy.jpg


2-1.
contemplated
[k
nṭəmplèɪt-]



-ate:
view or consider thoughtfully
〈問題などを〉じっくり考える,熟考する,熟慮する./

Are you contemplating
why your ex cheated on you? Are you wondering why you got laid off last year? Are you questioning why you are still single, ...


Contemplate
contemplate.jpg


2-2.
denigrated
[dén
ɪgrèɪt-]



-rate:
speak ill of
〈…を〉誹謗(ひぼう)する,中傷する./

Asking China to refrain from making statements that denigrate the Dalai Lama and Tibet’s unique cultural, linguistic and religious traditions, the United States has said [that] the Tibetans [should] be permitted to express their grievances freely.


Denigrate
denigrate.jpg


2-3.
detonated
[
ṭəɪt-]



-nate:
explode
〈爆薬を〉(猛烈な音と勢いで)爆発させる./

Several soldier were seriously injured when their vehicle hit and detonated a landmine.


Detonate
detonate.jpg


2-4. commiserated
[k
əmízəɪt-]



-rate:
sympathize /

Commiserate with a turtle in trouble, and take care of a sparrow suffering from injury.


Commiserate
commiserate.jpg


3-1.
tingled
[tíŋgl-]



-gle:
feel a ringing, stinging, or thrilling sensation
〈体などが〉〔…で〕ひりひり[きりきり,ちくちく]する/

My hand is tingling as I type this because yesterday I pulled some stinging nettle without
wearing gloves.


Tingle
tingle.jpg
nettle


3-2.
mangled
[m
ˈæŋgl-]



-gle:
mutilate
〈…を〉めった切りにする,/

 Hand Mangled in a shredder


Mangle
s.mangle.jpg




3-3. hurtled
[h
ˈɚːl-]



-tle: move
with rapid force
〈石・矢・列車などが〉(猛烈な速さで)飛んで[進んで]いく,/

The little boy hurtled down the hill on his new bike, narrowly missing a pair of elderly pedestrians crossing the street.


Hurtle
hurtle.jpg


3-4.
shuffled
[
ʃˈʌfl-]



-ffle:
mix together
〈…を〉混ぜる,ごちゃまぜにする/

Players shuffle their decks and offer their opponents the opportunity to cut the decks in the game Magic:


Shuffle
shuffle.jpg


4-1.
substantiate
[s
əbstˈænʃɪt]



Verify
〈…を〉実証する./

Do angels and out of body experiences substantiate a spiritual existence?


Substantiate
substantiate.jpg


4-2.
revitalize
[
ːvάɪṭəlὰɪz]



Give new
life or vigor to
〈…に〉再び生気を与える,/

Here are 4 ways to revitalize
your passion for living:


1. Read Fairy Tales
2. Do Something Scary
3. Start a Gratitude Journal
4. Travel Constantly


Revitalize
revitalize.jpg


4-3.
proliferate
[ pr
əlífəɪt]



Grow or
increase in number rapidly.
激増[急増]する./

 Pizza places proliferate

 Mike O'Neil (right) and Peter Rector install a sign for one of Devon's newest businesses, Perfect Pizza Plus, on Athabasca Ave. on Wednesday Jan. 11, 2012. The business is to be soon followed by the construction and opening of a Devon Boston Pizza location, to
open in the fall of 2012


Proliferate
proliferate.jpg


4-4.
aggravate
[
ˈægrəɪt]



Make more
severe,
〈…を〉さらに悪化させる;  /

The team doctor warned the basketball player that he could aggravate his knee injury if he started running too soon. “Wait another two weeks,” the doctor said.


Aggravate
aggravate.jpg


5-1.
tenacious
[t
əɪʃəs]



unwilling
to yield or give up; dogged
粘り強い; 頑強な.   /

Even the prime minister’s opponents admired the tenacious way in which he carried out the education reform he had promised, despite the increasing unpopularity of the government.


Tenacious
tenacious.jpg


5-2. interminable
[ ìnt
ˈɚːm(ə)nəbl]



Endless
果てしない,限りない/

 Space: An interminable Energy source

 But if this testing of wireless
transmission of electricity from space is successful, we can truly have an unlimited power source.


Interminable
interminable.jpg


5-3.
lethargic
[ l
əθάɚdʒɪk]



State
of being lazy or indifferent
無気力な,不活発な/

 morning office on a Monday morning can be really lousy for working people. The urge to sleep for few hours more makes the person lethargic at work.


Lethargic2
lethargic2.jpg


5-4. sporadic
[sp
ərˈædɪk]



Occasional
時々起こる./

Comet Hyakutake with sporadic
meteor

Another image I've been meaning to clean up. I was initially going for a 30-minute exposure to capture the comet's proper motion, but after about 5 minutes a beautifully bright sporadic meteor blazed right through the frame and I decided to play it safe and end the exposure.


Sporadic
sporadic.jpg



 


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